Looking down at an archaeological site from a distance is one thing, but getting up close and personal with lidar is another. Lidar, or Light Detection and Ranging, uses pulsed laser light to map the surface of objects and buildings. It’s been used in archaeology for some time now to create detailed maps of sites that help researchers understand the layout and function of ancient civilizations. This technology is helping us uncover history in ways we never thought possible.
Lidar can be used to create three-dimensional models of archaeological sites. This allows researchers to study the sites from all angles and get a better understanding of the layout and features of the site.
Detailed maps of archaeological site
Lidar can be used to create detailed maps of archaeological sites. This is useful for planning excavations and for understanding the distribution of features on a site.
Topography of an area
Lidar can be used to study the topography of an area and identify potential archaeological sites. This is especially useful in areas where there is little visible evidence of past occupation.
Investigate buried features
Lidar can be used to investigate buried features such as pits, ditches, and foundations. This allows archaeologists to study features that would otherwise be hidden from view.
Study the distribution of artifacts
Lidar can be used to study the distribution of artifacts on an archaeological site. This information can help archaeologists understand how people lived and interacted with their environment.
Examine the relationship
Lidar can be used to examine the relationship between features on an archaeological site. This is helpful for understanding the function of different areas on a site.
Virtual reality models
Lidar can be used to create virtual reality models of archaeological sites. This allows researchers to explore a site without having to physically visit it.
Study the effects of erosion
Lidar can be used to study the effects of erosion on an archaeological site. This is important for understanding how environmental factors can impact a site over time.
Assessing the potential damage
Lidar can be used to investigate the impact of development on an archaeological site. This is useful for assessing the potential damage that new construction might have on nearby ancient remains.
Monitor changes at an archaeological site
Lidar can be used to monitor changes at an archaeological site over time. This is helpful for understanding the long-term impact of natural and human-caused changes on a site.